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Jenis Gangguan Menstruasi

5 Menstrual Disorders You Should Know About

Typically, women experience what are known as PMS symptoms when they get close to their period. Occasionally, these symptoms can still be felt during the menstrual phase. PMS and other menstrual illnesses have grown so prevalent that women who experience them occasionally do not mind them.

But did you know that some illnesses may not have typical symptoms? It is a good idea to see a doctor right away, especially if this disease is beyond your control and has impacted your everyday activities. The menstrual period typically lasts 3–7 days, with a typical menstrual cycle lasting 21–35 days. Here are 5 types of menstruation diseases that you should be aware of in order to prevent unwanted things.

Read more: Menstruation: Symptoms, Cycles, Treatment

5 Types of Menstrual Disorders

  • Dysmenorrhea
    Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for lower abdominal pain or cramping that typically occurs on the first and second day of menstruation. These menstruation diseases might occasionally migrate to the thighs and lower back. Other problems like nausea, vomiting, and headaches may also be present.

    Prostaglandin levels that are too high can contribute to dysmenorrhea. After a few days, this hormone level typically drops, which eases menstruation pain. However, there are additional causes of dysmenorrhea, such as uterine myomas, uterine tumors or cysts, pelvic pain, endometriosis, etc.

  • Menorrhagia
    Menorrhagia is a condition that disrupts daily activities when menstrual blood leaks out in very large or excessive amounts. This condition also includes the length of the menstrual cycle or a cycle that lasts longer than usual.

    Menorrhagia can be brought on by dietary changes, hormonal imbalances, strenuous exercise, thyroid issues, vaginal and cervix inflammation, blood coagulation abnormalities, myomas and polyps, and cervical cancer.

  • Amenorrhea
    Amenorrhea is a condition that occurs when, despite being in your reproductive age, menstruation does not occur within 90 days. This menstrual condition is classified as either primary or secondary amenorrhoea, with the case examples presented earlier falling into the latter category.

    When a woman has primary amenorrhea disorder, she has not had a menstrual period until she is 16 years old. Obesity, excessive exercise, irregularities in the ovulation process, thyroid conditions, and eating disorders are a few causes that may result in amenorrhea.

    Read more about Amenorrhea

  • Metroragia
    Metroragia is vaginal bleeding that happens between periods. Metroragia may be brought on by unbalanced hormones, starvation, stress, endometriosis, usage of particular medicines, or uterine cancer, among other things.

    Doctors typically advise someone with menstruation problems to lead healthier lifestyles. If the underlying problem is more serious, hormone therapy or even surgery may be advised for the patient. Therefore, it is crucial to see a doctor as soon as you experience these abnormalities.

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, abbreviated PMDD, occurs when PMS symptoms are severe and interfere with the sufferer's daily activities. Symptoms of PMS include stomach pain or cramps, feeling anxious, restless, easily emotional, and headaches, which can progress to PMDD if the disorder worsens.

    The precise cause of PMDD and PMS is unknown. However, several factors, including chemical (serotonin) disorders, heredity, lack of exercise, obesity, alcohol consumption, thyroid disease, and drug use, can cause this condition to occur.

    Read more: How to Track Menstruation

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