Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a fertility disorder that occurs in women. This condition occurs due to hormonal imbalance, where this hormonal imbalance occurs due to excessive levels of androgen compared to estrogen. The most common symptom of PCOS is an irregular menstrual cycle.
In this case, 5-10 out of 100 women who experience this condition, but only 30% of women who get treatment. Yet as we know, PCOS is a condition that can interfere with female fertility. If this is allowed then women will find it difficult to get pregnant.
Therefore, if you feel you are experiencing some of the symptoms of PCOS, you should immediately see a doctor for consultation and treatment. There are several treatments you can do. However, before choosing the right treatment, you need to know your current health condition.
How to Diagnose PCOS
Before you choose treatment for PCOS, you can consult with your doctor regarding your body condition or PCOS symptoms that appear in your body. The doctor will carry out physical checks, such as checking hair growth in other areas, insulin resistance, and excessive acne growth.
If these symptoms are signs of PCOS, the doctor will recommend further tests, such as a pelvic exam, blood tests, and several other tests to confirm the diagnosis.
How to Treat PCOS
When the diagnosis has been confirmed, then you can take several treatments to treat PCOS. There are several treatments that can be done, as follows:
- Leading a Healthy Lifestyle
In addition to food, you are also encouraged to exercise regularly. In this way, the body remains healthy. Exercise also functions to control blood sugar and insulin levels in the body.
- Consumption of Metformin
Of course, in taking this drug there is a predetermined dosage of use. The average dose for taking this drug is about 1500 to 2000 milligrams (mg) per day.
- Use Hair Removal Drugs
If this drug is deemed less effective, PCOS sufferers can also use electrolysis (a cosmetic procedure that aims to remove hair from the roots using an electric current).
- Taking Ovarian Medicine
- Using Contraceptives
However, if contraceptives and hormonal drugs cannot stop hair growth, then after 6 months, the doctor will recommend spironolactone. Spironolactone is a drug that aims to reduce androgen levels in the body. However, it should be noted that spironolactone cannot be used by pregnant women or women who are planning a pregnancy. If used, spironolactone can cause birth defects. Read more about Contraceptives
- Ovarium Drilling
That was a brief explanation of how to treat PCOS. Make sure you choose the treatment that suits your health condition. If you find it difficult, you should ask a doctor for help to provide the right treatment.
Read more on PCOS: Definition, Symptoms, Types, Treatments.