Menstruation is a natural part of a woman's reproductive cycle, but for some women, it can come with uncomfortable symptoms such as abdominal pain, cramps, or other physical discomfort. Fortunately, there are various medications available at pharmacies to help alleviate menstrual symptoms. In this article, we will explain the safe medications that are accessible at pharmacies to relieve menstruation.
1. Analgesics (pain relievers):
- Ibuprofen: Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that effectively relieves menstrual pain and reduces inflammation. The recommended dosage is 200-400 mg every 4-6 hours during menstruation.
2. Antispasmodics (cramp relievers):
- Buscopan: Buscopan contains hyoscine butylbromide, which can alleviate uterine muscle cramps during menstruation. The recommended dosage is 1-2 tablets, up to 3 times a day.
3. Combined Oral Contraceptives:
- Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) that contain both estrogen and progestin can help regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce associated pain. In some cases, doctors may prescribe specific dosages of COCs to alleviate menstrual symptoms.
4. Topical products:
- Heating patches or creams: These products can be placed on the abdominal or back area to provide warmth and alleviate menstrual pain.
5. Herbal or supplements:
- Magnesium supplements: Magnesium has been associated with pain relief during menstruation. You can consume magnesium supplements recommended by a doctor or nutritionist.
The Importance of Consultation with a Pharmacist or Doctor
Before using any medication to relieve menstruation, it is crucial to consult with a
pharmacist or doctor first. They can provide appropriate advice based on individual
health conditions and consider any drug interactions with other medications that may
be in use. Consultation is also important if you have a history of specific medical
conditions or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
In addition to using medications, there are several steps that can be taken to reduce
- Using a heating pad or warm compress on the abdomen to alleviate cramps.
- Getting enough rest and avoiding excessive stress.
- Regular exercise to maintain overall body health.
- Following a healthy and balanced diet.
Safe menstrual relief medications available at pharmacies can help reduce uncomfortable symptoms during menstruation. However, it is important to consult with a pharmacist or doctor before using any medication and follow the recommended dosage. Additionally, taking preventive measures such as managing stress, exercising, and maintaining a healthy diet can also help reduce menstrual symptoms. Every woman has a different experience during menstruation, and it is important to find the approach that suits individual needs.
- NHS. (2021). Painkillers - Period Pain. Diakses dari https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/period-pain/
- Mayo Clinic. (2021). Menstrual cramps. Diakses dari https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/menstrual-cramps/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374946
- NHS. (2021). Combined Contraceptive Pill. Diakses dari https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception/combined-contraceptive-pill/
- Shah, S. H., et al. (2019). Magnesium for the management of primary dysmenorrhea. J Family Med Prim Care, 8(11), 3553-3556. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_721_19