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Masalah Kulit yang Terkait dengan Siklus Menstruasi

Skin Issues Related to the Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle is a natural process that occurs in women of reproductive age. While the focus is often on the physical changes happening within the reproductive system, it's important to acknowledge that hormonal fluctuations during this time can also affect the skin. Many women experience various skin issues related to their menstrual cycle, which can range from acne breakouts to dryness or increased sensitivity. In this article, we will explore the common skin issues that occur during different phases of the menstrual cycle and provide tips for managing them effectively.

Acne Breakouts

Hormonal fluctuations, particularly an increase in androgen levels, can lead to the development of acne during the menstrual cycle. This typically occurs around the premenstrual phase when progesterone levels are elevated. The rise in androgens stimulates the sebaceous glands to produce excess sebum, which can clog pores and result in acne breakouts. To manage acne during this time, it is important to maintain a consistent skincare routine that includes gentle cleansing, regular exfoliation, and the use of non-comedogenic moisturizers and products.

Dryness and Sensitivity

Some women may experience dryness or increased sensitivity of the skin during their menstrual cycle. This can be attributed to hormonal fluctuations, specifically a drop in estrogen levels. Estrogen helps maintain skin hydration and elasticity, so when levels decline, the skin may become drier and more prone to sensitivity. To combat these issues, it is essential to keep the skin wellmoisturized by using hydrating skincare products and avoiding harsh, drying ingredients. Additionally, protecting the skin from environmental factors such as cold weather or excessive sun exposure can help minimize dryness and sensitivity.


Hyperpigmentation refers to the darkening of certain areas of the skin, often in the form of dark spots or patches. Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle can trigger an increase in melanin production, leading to the development of hyperpigmentation. This is commonly observed in the form of melasma or "mask of pregnancy." To manage hyperpigmentation, it is crucial to protect the skin from the sun by applying sunscreen with a high SPF regularly. Additionally, using products containing ingredients like vitamin C or niacinamide can help lighten existing dark spots and even out the skin tone over time.

Increased Oiliness

While some women may experience dryness during their menstrual cycle, others may notice an increase in oiliness. This is often attributed to the rise in sebum production due to hormonal fluctuations. To manage increased oiliness, it is important to maintain a balanced skincare routine. This includes cleansing the skin twice daily with a gentle cleanser, using oil-free or mattifying moisturizers, and avoiding heavy, pore clogging products.

Skin issues related to the menstrual cycle are common among women due to hormonal fluctuations. Understanding the changes that occur during different phases of the menstrual cycle can help women effectively manage these skin concerns. By adopting a consistent skincare routine, using appropriate products for specific skin issues, and protecting the skin from environmental factors, women can maintain healthy and balanced skin throughout their menstrual cycle. If skin issues persist or worsen significantly, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist for a personalized treatment plan.

Remember, everyone's skin is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. It's important to listen to your body, be patient with the process, and seek professional advice when needed to achieve optimal skin health.


  • American Academy of Dermatology. (n.d.). Acne: Tips for managing. Retrieved from
  • American Academy of Dermatology. (n.d.). Skin care tips for menopause. Retrieved from
  • Del Rosso, J. Q. (2012). The role of skin care as an integral component in the management of acne vulgaris: part 1: the importance of cleanser and moisturizer ingredients, design, and product selection. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology, 5(12), 20–31.
  • Al-Niaimi, F., & Chiang, N. (2017). Topical Vitamin C and the Skin: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology, 10(7), 14–17.

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