Menstruation is a natural process experienced by women every month. However, for some women, menstruation can cause uncomfortable symptoms such as nausea. Nausea during menstruation can affect the quality of daily life and interfere with activities. To deal with this disorder, there are several ways you can do it. Let's see the full review below.
Causes of Nausea During Menstruation
Before discussing how to deal with nausea during menstruation, it is important to know the cause first. Here are some causes of nausea during menstruation:
- Hormonal Changes During PMS
PMS is a physical and emotional symptom that appears before menstruation. These symptoms usually last about 1-2 weeks before menstruation, and can even last until menstruation arrives. However, these symptoms usually go away on their own after a few days.
Many health experts believe that PMS is caused by hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. Apart from nausea, symptoms that can also appear due to PMS include breast tenderness, stomach feeling bloated, headaches, and backaches.
Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful menstrual cramps, is the most common cause of nausea during menstruation. This symptom is usually marked by the appearance of cramps in the lower abdomen, hips, thighs, and also the back. Sometimes, the cramps you feel can be severe enough to make you nauseous.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
PMDD is a symptom of PMS that is prolonged and becomes more severe. The symptoms experienced are also almost similar to those during PMS, only the difference is the severity that can interfere with daily activities. Just like PMS, PMDD is also a disorder related to hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle.
But in PMDD, hormonal changes cause decreased levels of serotonin, a natural chemical in the brain. This imbalance can cause emotional changes that are so intense. So it can cause the same physical symptoms as PMS, including cramps and nausea.
Tips for Overcoming Nausea During Menstruation
Here are some tips that can help deal with nausea during menstruation:
- Light Exercise
Light exercise such as yoga or walking can help reduce period symptoms, including nausea. So, you don't need to do strenuous exercise that makes you uncomfortable.
- Fresh Air
One of the signs of PMS symptoms is a very sensitive level of sensitivity to odors than usual. In some cases, strong or pungent odors can make you nauseous. Therefore, you can open the bedroom window so that the air circulation in the room becomes smoother. If it still feels ineffective, get out of the house to take a breath of fresh air for a moment.
- Using Drugs
If nausea is very bothersome, your doctor can prescribe anti-nausea drugs or painkillers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which include ibuprofen, naproxen, and also aspirin. In addition, you can also use birth control pills which can help relieve some emotional and physical symptoms, including nausea during menstruation.
- Consuming Ginger Wedang
Ginger has long been used to treat nausea. Although the mechanism is not known with certainty, experts believe that ginger has ingredients similar to anti-nausea drugs. So, to overcome nausea during menstruation, you can make ginger tea.
That's how to deal with nausea during menstruation that you can try to do. Even though nausea during menstruation is trivial and common, it is still recommended that you immediately see a doctor if the nausea or vomiting continues for a long time or is accompanied by symptoms that are quite serious.
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