Contraception is all kinds of tools or methods used by one party or both parties to avoid or prevent pregnancy as a result of the meeting of mature sperm and egg cells (ovum). One of the contraceptives is the birth control pill.
The birth control pill is one of the greatest innovations in women's health. This is because the ingredients in these pills are able to provide safe, efficient, and comfortable protection for unwanted or possibly unplanned pregnancies.
Besides that, birth control pills gives control to women over their own sex life and reproductive health. Therefore, knowing what a woman wants to start using birth control pills is the best way to determine which type of pill is most appropriate.
Therefore, this article is intended to ensure that a woman can use it correctly. Read more below.
Facts About Birth Control Pills
- Relieve pain during menstruation
The working steps of birth control pills are to reduce the amount of prostaglandin hormones in the body and thin the lining of the uterus. This is what makes birth control pills considered able to relieve pain during menstruation.
The hormone prostaglandin is a hormone that the body makes during menstruation to stimulate the uterine muscles to contract to help expel menstrual blood. Meanwhile, the thinner lining of the uterus makes the uterine muscles not need to contract strongly when blood comes out. This condition reduces menstrual pain.
- Consistent consumption every day
One of the disadvantages of birth control pills is that we need to take them every day. Forgetting to drink just one day, the effectiveness can go down. But this shortcoming is easy to overcome because you need to find the right steps so you don't forget. For example by setting an alarm every day at the same time on your smartphone.
- Be selective in choosing birth control pills
There are many types and brands of birth control pills. Each can affect the body in different ways. For example, there are birth control pills with a formula for the hormones estrogen and progestin, while others are only progestin and do not contain estrogen.
Even though the ingredients are the same, each pill can also have different amounts of estrogen and progestin. This is why it is important for you to consult a doctor before using birth control pills.
Methods to Choose Birth Control Pills
Now that you have decided to use birth control pills, you should at least know the things below.
- Knowing the type of birth control pill
The first step before using birth control pills is to know what type you need. This is because by knowing the type of pill you can find out which type of pill is the most suitable according to your complaint.
- Combined birth control
These pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestin. When consumed, these pills will work by blocking ovulation by holding back the ovaries (ovaries) from releasing eggs. It thickens the cervical mucus, preventing sperm movement, and thins the lining of the uterus to prevent the embryo from implanting in the event of fertilization.
- The mini pill
The mini pill contains the hormone progestin. The amount of progestin in the mini pill is generally lower than the progestin in the combination pill. However, there are also mini pills that contain higher levels of progestin. Same with the combination pill, it will work by holding back ovulation, thickening cervical mucus, and thinning the lining of the uterus.
- Pills with additional nutrition
Now there are also pills that contain additional nutrients, which are generally accompanied by iron which wants to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancies, as well as protect women from anemia.
This type of pill is an active pill, which means it contains the hormones progestin and estrogen which have the same role as birth control pills in general. However, it contains iron in the form of ferrous fumarate, which is a type of iron that the body needs for the production of red blood cells.
So, if at this time you feel confident about using birth control pills according to the type you need, make sure before consuming you have consulted a doctor.