To avoid unplanned pregnancies, special tricks are needed when having intercourse. It is important to pay attention to every step taken so that the risk of pregnancy can be minimized. However, how do you prevent or reduce the chances of getting pregnant after intercourse? Come on, find out the following ways.
How to Prevent Getting Pregnant During Sex
Currently there are many ways you can choose to prevent pregnancy after intercourse. Some of these options include:
- Intercourse Interrupted
The natural contraceptive method that is often used to prevent pregnancy is coitus interruptus. In principle, the man must pull his penis out of the vagina before ejaculation occurs, so that the sperm does not enter the woman's body. However, this technique must be performed with great care and timely manner to ensure its success.
Although coitus interruptus can be effective in preventing pregnancy, the success rate is lower compared to other methods of contraception. This is due to the possibility of liquidpre-ejaculate, which is the fluid released by the male penis before ejaculation, but may contain sperm.
- Using Condoms
If you want to have sex without fear of getting pregnant, one easy and effective way is to use a condom. Condoms used by men are able to prevent sperm from entering the vagina and thereby reduce the risk of unwanted pregnancies. In addition, the use of condoms can also prevent the spread of various dangerous sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS.
To ensure its effectiveness, make sure that the condom you are using is still in its expiration date and is not torn. By using condoms correctly, you can reduce your chances of getting pregnant by up to 80 percent. You can buy condoms easily at the nearest pharmacy or shop.
- Avoid Having Sex During Fertile Period
Menstruation has an important role in determining fertility and pregnancy in women. Before determining the right time to have sex, you should first understand how the menstrual cycle works. Every woman has a different menstrual cycle, from 25 to 35 days. The cycle starts from the first day of menstruation to the day before the next menstruation.
After menstruation stops, the body enters the initial phase of ovulation. Usually ovulation occurs about 14 days after menstruation (on a 28-day cycle). This time is called the fertile period, where the chances of getting pregnant are very high. During this time, the body prepares itself to release the egg. To prevent pregnancy, avoid having sex during ovulation, which is 14 days after your period. The ovulation period generally lasts 2-5 days.
- Using Hormonal Contraceptives
KB or abbreviation of hormonal contraception is one of the choices of methods that can be chosen by individuals to prevent pregnancy. This method has many types that can be adjusted to the preferences of each individual.
- KB Injection
Birth control injection is a contraceptive method that can prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the release of eggs from the ovaries every month and thickening the mucus around the cervix to prevent sperm from entering. You can do birth control injections in the buttocks, upper arms, stomach, or thighs. In preventing pregnancy, birth control injections have proven to be effective with a success rate of around 90 percent.
- Implant Birth Control
Implant birth control and implant birth control are methods of contraception that contain the hormone progestin which is released slowly in the body. This method has proven to be very effective in preventing pregnancy, with a success rate of up to 99 percent. With just one installation, this KB can provide protection for three years.
- Intrauterine Devices (IUD)
The IUD or spiral birth control is a contraceptive that is placed in the uterus and has been proven to be very effective in preventing pregnancy with a long span of time, which is around 5-10 years.
- Family Planning Pills
If you follow the doctor's recommendations and take birth control pills regularly, you can get very high effectiveness in preventing pregnancy, up to 95 percent. There are 2 types of birth control pills, namely progestin birth control pills and combination birth control pills. Both can help you manage your family safely and effectively.
- Vasectomy or Tubectomy
If you and your partner have decided that you don't want to have more children or have more children, then sterilization can be the right choice. Sterilization is a permanent procedure that can be performed on both men and women. In men, the sterilization procedure is done by vasectomy, while in women, the sterilization procedure can be done by tubal ligation or tubectomy.
Those are some interesting facts about how to have sex that doesn't cause pregnancy that you need to know. Don't get caught up in inaccurate myths spread in society. If you and your partner want to prevent conception during sexual intercourse, consult your doctor immediately.
That way, the doctor will provide recommendations about the type of contraception or advice according to the conditions of you and your partner. By applying the right method, you can effectively prevent pregnancy even if you are actively having intercourse.