Women's health issues are a topic that continues to be discussed. However, every woman can experience different health complaints. The following is a complete review of common health problems that are often experienced by women.
Common Women's Health Problems
There are several medical conditions below that women need to be aware of, including:
1. Cervical Cancer
One of the common diseases often encountered in women is cervical cancer, also known as cervical cancer. This cancer develops in the cells of the cervix and often shows no symptoms at first. Usually, women only become aware of this problem when it has reached an advanced stage.
Data from Indonesian Ministry of Health revealed that around 95% of cervical cancer cases are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and usually occur in women of reproductive age. However, younger women are also at risk of developing this disease. Therefore, it is important to undergo regular health checks from an early age to detect potential growth of cancer cells in the cervix.
2. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is a type of malignant tumor that develops from breast cells and most often occurs in women in Indonesia. This disease begins with an attack on the lining of the milk ducts and can spread quickly to other parts of the body. The first sign to watch out for is the appearance of a lump in the breast.
3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder in women that affects the reproductive system. One of the effects is the formation of cysts in the ovaries, which are fluid-filled sacs.
PCOS is caused by hormonal imbalances, especially androgen hormones (male hormones) in women. High levels of this hormone can interfere with ovulation and ovarian development.
This condition generally occurs in women who are obese or overweight, and can inhibit fertility. If left untreated, PCOS can make it difficult for women to get pregnant.
Osteoporosis is a common problem in women, especially those in menopause, because they have a high risk of bone fractures. Some other risk factors include early menopause, low body mass index (BMI), cancer treatment, and genetics. To prevent this, consume more calcium, avoid alcohol and cigarettes, and stay active by exercising.
5. Mental Health Disorders
Do you know if Women often experience mental health disorders such as stress and depression. In more serious cases, stress can develop into depression. According toNational Center for Health Statistics, women are more susceptible to anxiety, stress, and depression without a clear medical cause. This means that women are affected by this disease more often than men.
Women have a greater risk of experiencing stress and depression due to several factors, such as monthly hormonal changes, after giving birth, or before and after menopause. Therefore, it is important to raise women's awareness about their mental health and give them the confidence to seek help.
6. Autoimmune Disease
Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system attacks healthy body cells because it mistakenly considers them a threat, similar to a virus attack. This condition can affect women in various age ranges.
According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health, there are around 80 types of autoimmune diseases that often have similar symptoms. Some of them are more common in women. Common symptoms include mild fever, fatigue, skin irritation, vertigo, and body aches.
7. Heart Disease
One of the health problems that women need to be aware of is heart disease, which is also the main cause of death in Indonesia. This disease can threaten both women and men.
The risk factors and symptoms that accompany women's health problems vary. Usually it can be resolved with appropriate treatment if identified and treated early. Therefore, it is important for women to understand certain symptoms and risks to be aware of in order to maintain their health.