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Apa Itu PMS dan Bagaimana Cara Mengatasinya?

What is PMS and How to Handle It?

In the world of health, you will often hear the acronym PMS. The term PMS apparently does not only have one understanding. There are many meanings of the acronym PMS in the medical world. One of the PMS abbreviations is Premenstrual Syndrome. PMS is a condition that commonly occurs in women 1-2 weeks before the start of menstruation. However, for women who have just experienced menstruation, generally aged 12-15 years, do not feel signs of PMS.

That way, almost all women will experience psychological and physical symptoms just before menstruation. But did you know that apparently this can be handled in an easy way. Let's find out how to fix it below.

What are PMS?

Premenstrual syndrome or PMS, as the name implies, are physical and psychological symptoms that occur in women on a regular basis almost every month. These signs will usually appear one week before menstruation occurs and will disappear a few days after menstruation occurs. So PMS only occurs in women after puberty and throughout their reproductive years, except during pregnancy.

Although not dangerous, this condition often makes women feel uncomfortable. There are many things that can be done to deal with the bothersome signs of PMS.

Common PMS symptoms

Common PMS symptoms that occur in most women include physical changes, attitudes, and emotions. These signs generally occur around 1-2 weeks before menstruation and can last up to several days after menstruation begins. Among the signs of physical changes during PMS, namely:

  • Breasts feel sore 
  • Body weight increases 
  • Headaches 
  • Swell hands or feet, 
  • Muscle pain Abdominal 
  • cramps
  • Flatulence 
  • acne 
  • diarrhea or constipation 

Changes in attitude include: 

  • Easily forgetting 
  • Tired 
  • Difficult to focus 
  • Increased appetite 

And finally, the symptoms that appear when PMS comes are emotional shifts, including: 

  • Easily emotional 
  • Crying without cause 
  • Excessive 
  • anxiety Insomnia 
  • Increased sex drive 
  • Stress

Causes of PMS

Things that trigger PMS are not known with certainty. However, there are several factors that are suspected of causing PMS to take place, one of which is: 

  • Hormonal Changes 
  • An increase in the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in women can cause PMS to take place. Complaints due to hormonal changes generally disappear when women are pregnant or have menopause. 

  • Chemical Changes in the Brain
  • Changes in serotonin, the brain chemical that controls the mood, can also cause PMS to take place. The amount of serotonin that is lacking in the brain can result in emotional changes, feelings such as excessive anxiety.

    How to Overcome PMS Symptoms

    Usually, there are no specific steps to deal with PMS because this condition will get better in line with menstruation. However, sometimes this situation can also interfere with your daily activities. There are many things you can do to deal with the signs of PMS, let's look at the following information.

  • Eat Healthy Foods
  • Apply a healthy eating scheme by consuming complex carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and foods high in calcium. Not only that, you also need to reduce salt consumption or foods that have a high salt content to prevent bloating and water absorption in the body.

  • Exercising Regularly
  • When PMS hits, it definitely feels lazy to do activities. But in fact, exercise can actually be one way to deal with PMS. Doing exercise for 30 minutes a day can help liven up the mood, make the body more fit, and reduce PMS symptoms.

  • Reducing Stress 
  • When experiencing PMS symptoms, you can become more stressed and emotional. To handle it, try to do some relaxation techniques, starting from breathing exercises, meditation, massage, to sports like yoga. Besides that you can also handle it with adequate rest. Try taking a short nap. Make sure you sleep for about 7-9 hours each night so that your sleep needs are fulfilled.

    By understanding the information about PMS that has been described above, of course, you can handle it easily if this premenstrual disorder hits. 


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