Have you ever experienced prolonged menstruation? If so, you may want to know more about this condition. Prolonged menstruation occurs when your menstrual bleeding exceeds the limit of 15 days or about 2 weeks. Especially teenagers often face this problem because their menstrual cycle is not stable. However, are you worried that this might be a sign of a serious illness? And maybe you are wondering what exactly causes it? Come on, find out the answer here.
Is it Dangerous if Menstruation Lasts a Long Time?
Prolonged menstrual bleeding not only causes physical discomfort, but can also have serious consequences for the body. Symptoms such as dizziness, decreased blood pressure, intense abdominal pain, and even anemia can interfere with daily activities. If this situation is allowed to drag on, the impact can become more severe and threaten overall health, therefore it is highly recommended to consult a doctor immediately.
How do you know if your period is taking longer than it should? A normal menstrual cycle usually occurs every 21-35 days, counting from the first day of the previous menstruation. If you pass more than 80 ml or about 16 teaspoons of blood during one cycle, this could be a sign of a problem. To confirm your condition, the doctor may perform various in-depth examinations such as biopsies, blood tests, ultrasound of the uterus, curettage, and SIS or hysteroscopy.
Causes of Prolonged Menstruation
Menstruation that won't stop may not be a serious threat, but if it persists, it may be a sign of a serious problem in your body. Before going any further, let's get to know the common causes of prolonged menstruation so we can treat this problem properly.
- Hormonal Imbalance: Hormonal imbalance can interfere with the menstrual process. Hormonal disturbances can cause excessive buildup of uterine tissue and heavy bleeding during menstruation. This condition can occur due to various factors such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), insulin resistance, thyroid problems, or obesity.
- Ovarian Disorders: Disorders of the ovaries can interfere with the production of important hormones such as progesterone and estrogen which affect the menstrual cycle. If the ovaries have problems, it can cause irregular or prolonged menstruation.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus. This can cause intense menstrual pain and excessive bleeding.
- Uterine Fibroids: Fibroids, benign tumors in the lining of the uterus, can cause heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding.
- Pelvic Inflammation: Pelvic inflammation, caused by an infection in the reproductive organs, can cause prolonged menstruation and lower abdominal pain.
- Significant Weight Gain: Drastic weight gain can affect menstrual regularity. The extra fat cells produced by the body can affect hormone levels, especially estrogen, which affect the menstrual cycle.
Remember, if you have prolonged periods, don't hesitate to consult a doctor. Especially if it is accompanied by heavy bleeding, discharge with an unpleasant odor, weakness and pale skin. Early action can prevent further, more serious problems.