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Agoraphobia: Penjelasan, Gejala, dan Pengobatan

Agoraphobia: Explanation, Symptoms, and Treatment

Fear and worry are normal in a tense situation. But, what if the feeling becomes excessive and interferes with daily life? It could be that you are experiencing agoraphobia. Come on, get to know more about agoraphobia in this article!

What is Agoraphobia?

Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder that makes sufferers feel excessively afraid and worried in certain situations. These situations can include when traveling, on public transportation, closed places such as malls or cinemas, open places such as bridges and large parking areas, crowded places, queues, or even when leaving the house alone.

The feelings of panic and anxiety that arise can be very disturbing and make the sufferer want to avoid these situations. This of course can hinder their social and work lives.

For example, imagine an employee who has agoraphobia. His fear of being on public transportation can make him choose to work from home, even though this could result in a decline in his performance and career.

Emerging Symptoms

Agoraphobia is not just an ordinary fear. For sufferers, feelings of anxiety and panic can arise when they think about, are in, or even just imagine certain places. These places could include:

  • Being outside the house alone
  • A large, open space such as a park, mall, or parking lot
  • Closed spaces such as cinemas, elevators, or meeting rooms
  • Queue or crowd of people
  • Public transportation such as buses or trains

Symptoms of agoraphobia are divided into three types: physical, cognitive, and behavioral.

1. Physical Symptoms

The physical symptoms are similar to panic attacks, such as:

  • Heart pounding
  • Hard to breathe
  • Sweating
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea and diarrhea
  • Dizzy
  • Trembling
  • Ears ringing

2. Cognitive Symptoms

Cognitive symptoms relate to thoughts and feelings, such as:

  • Fear of looking stupid or embarrassed when panicking
  • Worried that a panic attack will endanger your life
  • Fear of not being able to escape from a panic situation
  • Fear of losing control or sanity
  • Feeling unable to live without help
  • Excessive anxiety and fear

3. Behavioral Symptoms

Behavioral symptoms are demonstrated by actions such as:

  • Avoid places that trigger panic
  • Constantly being at home
  • Requires a companion when traveling
  • Limit travel distance from home

Even though it feels heavy, agoraphobia can be overcome. With appropriate therapy and treatment, sufferers can live a normal life and be free from fear.

How to Treat Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia, a feeling of excessive anxiety that appears in certain situations, can be overcome with a combination of several methods.

1. Psychotherapy

Psychologists can help you understand your fears through cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). You will learn how to manage anxiety and react more calmly.

Relaxation and desensitization techniques can also help you face scary situations gradually. Over time, you will become more used to it and be able to control your anxiety.

2. Medicines

A doctor or psychologist may prescribe antidepressant medications such as SSRIs or SNRIs to help relieve anxiety and depression.

3. Lifestyle Changes

Some lifestyle changes can also help, such as:

  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and other substances that can worsen anxiety.
  • Eat healthy and balanced foods to improve mood and energy.
  • Exercise regularly to help your body and mind relax.
  • Practice breathing to calm yourself when you are anxious.

If you feel panic or excessive anxiety that interferes with your daily activities, immediately consult a doctor. With a combination of the methods above, agoraphobia can be overcome and you can live a freer and calmer life.


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