Itching that is felt in the genital area often makes people feel uncomfortable. In general, this itch can go away on its own. However, in some cases, special treatment is needed depending on the cause. So, what exactly causes itching in the pubic area?
There are several conditions that can cause itching in the genital area, such as yeast infections, irritation, allergies, or other conditions. To find out more about the causes of itching in the area and how to deal with it, let's look at the explanation below.
Causes of Genital Itching
There are a number of factors that can cause genital itching. Here are some of them:
- Fungal Infection
Yeast infections are often the cause of itching in the genital area, especially in women. One of the most common types of fungus that infects the vagina is C. albicans. This fungus can cause itching in the vagina and vaginal discharge that feels lumpy like cheese.
Although yeast infections are more common in women, it is possible for men to experience them too. Yeast infections in men are usually characterized by itching, an unpleasant odor, and the appearance of a red rash in the genital area.
It is important to treat yeast infections in the genital area immediately to prevent complications. Usually, the doctor will prescribe antifungal medication in the form of tablets or creams, depending on the severity.
One of the factors that often causes itching in the genital area for men and women is allergies. Some of the allergens that often trigger allergies and cause itching include detergent soap, fabric softener, condoms, and even tissue. To prevent this problem from arising, it is important for us to pay close attention to the objects we use, especially in the genital area, in order to avoid the possibility of allergens that trigger the itching.
- Effects After Shaving Pubic Hair
The effects of shaving pubic hair are often the cause of annoying itching for both men and women, especially when pubic hair starts to grow back. It is important for us to choose the right razor because the skin in that area is very sensitive.
The use of unsterile razors or improper shaving techniques can cause the skin to become red, itchy, and even feel like burning (razor burn). In addition, if you shave in an inappropriate way, pubic hair can grow inwards and cause ingrown hairs. This condition can cause inflammation and pain in the area.
Then, how to solve this problem? Instead, we avoid shaving pubic hair until it's completely gone, but let a few millimeters or centimeters remain. In addition, make sure we use a good quality shaver. Don't forget to use a hypoallergenic cream when shaving to keep your skin protected.
- Presence of Lice on Genitals
Genital lice which are often referred to as crab lice are parasitic insects that are usually found in the human genital area. When infected with genital lice, symptoms that appear include itching, irritation, and red bumps in the genital area.
Apart from genital lice, itching on the genitals can also be caused by the presence of tiny mites that burrow under the skin and lay eggs, a condition known as scabies. Irritated skin will appear as small red bumps. Genital lice and scabies can be bothersome and spread through sexual contact, but technically they are not a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
- Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea often cause an unpleasant itching, burning or burning sensation in the genitals of both women and men. Not only that, HPV and herpes can also cause annoying and itchy small lumps in the genital area. Keep in mind that PMS symptoms can appear and disappear unexpectedly.
How to Treat Itching on Genitals
When itching occurs in the genital area, whether on the penis or vagina, it is very important to keep the genital area clean properly. To overcome this problem, the first step that must be done is to identify the cause of the itching. Here are some types of drugs that are generally recommended by doctors to treat itching in the genitals:
- Antifungal, antibiotic, or antiparasitic drugs
- Estrogen cream or tablets
- Steroid and hydrocortisone creams
- Itch relief ointment
Apart from using medications as mentioned earlier, there are steps you can take to treat and prevent itching around the genital area. Among them are:
- Avoid scratching the itchy area.
- Use warm water to clean the genital area regularly, at least once a day.
- Choose underwear made of cotton that is not too tight and change it regularly every day.
- Avoid having unprotected sex when you or your partner have complaints about the intimate organs.
- Always clean the genital area first before cleaning the anal area, especially after defecating.
If you experience disturbing itching in the genital area, immediately consult a Dermatology and Gender Specialist at the nearest hospital. Before determining the right treatment, the doctor will examine the skin color, changes in skin texture, and surface abnormalities such as dryness and scaling that may occur in the genital area.