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Penyebab Mood Swing

Mood Swing Causes

Mood swings are a common occurrence in our daily lives. Sometimes, we may feel happy and content, while at other times, we may feel angry, irritable, or depressed. Mood swings can be caused by a variety of factors, including physiological, psychological, and environmental factors. Understanding the causes of mood swings can help us better manage and cope with them. 

Physiological Causes 

Hormonal changes can cause mood swings, particularly in women. Hormonal fluctuations during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can lead to changes in mood. These changes are primarily due to changes in estrogen and progesterone levels in the body. Estrogen is a hormone that affects mood by increasing serotonin, a neurotransmitter that is responsible for regulating mood, while progesterone has a calming effect on the brain. 

In addition to hormonal changes, other physiological factors can cause mood swings, such as certain medical conditions. For example, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) can cause mood swings, as can thyroid disorders, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Substance abuse or withdrawal can also cause mood swings, particularly with drugs that affect the central nervous system. 

Psychological Causes 

Psychological factors can also contribute to mood swings. Stress, anxiety, and depression are common psychological causes of mood swings. When we experience stress, our body releases cortisol, a hormone that can cause irritability and mood swings. Anxiety and depression can also cause mood swings, as these conditions can affect the levels of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, in the brain. 

Trauma and unresolved emotional issues can also cause mood swings. Traumatic events, such as abuse, can cause long-term changes in the brain and affect mood regulation. Similarly, unresolved emotional issues, such as unresolved grief or anger, can cause mood swings. 

Environmental Causes

Environmental factors can also play a role in causing mood swings. Changes in our environment, such as a change in weather, can affect our mood. For example, seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that occurs during the winter months when there is less sunlight. Lack of sleep or disrupted sleep patterns can also cause mood swings, as can exposure to toxins or pollutants. 

In addition, certain lifestyle factors can cause mood swings, such as diet and exercise. Poor nutrition and dehydration can cause mood swings, while regular exercise can help regulate mood by increasing endorphins, the body's natural "feel-good" chemicals. 

Managing Mood Swings 

Managing mood swings can be challenging, but there are several strategies that can help. Firstly, identifying the cause of mood swings can help us better manage them. For example, if hormonal changes are causing mood swings, hormone therapy may be an option. Similarly, addressing psychological issues, such as stress or anxiety, through therapy or counseling can help regulate mood. 

In addition, lifestyle changes, such as improving diet and exercise habits, can help regulate mood. Meditation, mindfulness, and other relaxation techniques can also help manage mood swings by reducing stress and anxiety. 

In conclusion, mood swings are a common occurrence and can be caused by a variety of factors. Understanding the causes of mood swings can help us better manage and cope with them. By addressing the underlying causes of mood swings, such as hormonal changes, psychological issues, or environmental factors, we can take steps to regulate our mood and improve our overall well-being. 


  • American Psychological Association. (2018). Hormones and Mood: What’s the Connection? Retrieved from
  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Hypoglycemia. Retrieved from es/syc-20373685 
  • National Institute of Mental Health. (2021). Seasonal Affective Disorder. Retrieved from shtml 
  • Harvard Health Publishing. (2018). Exercise is an all-natural treatment to fight depression. Retrieved from ent-to-fight-depression 
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5). American Psychiatric Association.
  • McEwen, B. S. (2012). Brain on stress: How the social environment gets under the skin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(Supplement 2), 17180-17185. 
  • Harvard Health Publishing. (2019). Understanding the stress response. Retrieved from

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