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Endometriosis 101: Definition, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Most women at a certain age will experience menstruation every month, although every woman has a different menstrual cycle. There are those who have a menstrual cycle every 21 to 35 days, and some have cycles that are shorter or longer than that.

However, during menstruation have you ever felt pain in the abdomen? This condition is often experienced by some women, but many women ignore this condition and consider it as something normal. Though this condition can be a sign of endometriosis. Endometriosis is a disease that is often not realized by women.

So what exactly is endometriosis? And what are the symptoms of this disease?

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a disease of the female reproductive system. Where this condition causes the tissue that should line the uterine wall to grow and accumulate outside the uterus.

Normally, the lining of the wall or commonly called the endometrium grows in a woman's uterus. Under normal conditions, the uterine wall tissue will experience thickening during the fertile period. When fertilization occurs, the fetus can attach to the uterus. Conversely, if fertilization does not occur, the thickened uterine wall will shed and come out in the form of blood. This condition is what we usually call menstruation.

If a woman has endometriosis, the tissue that grows outside the uterus will also shed during menstruation. However, the shed tissue does not come out through the uterus like other tissues, but settles around the reproductive organs. If this deposit is left for a long time, it can cause several disorders, such as inflammation, cysts, scar tissue and others. The most severe disturbance that occurs due to endometriosis is the emergence of endometrial cysts.

Endometrial cyst is a type of cyst that forms when endometrial tissue grows in the ovaries. These cysts are filled with fluid, large in size and found in the ovaries. This condition arises because endometriosis is not treated quickly. Endometriosis cysts can affect women for years and can cause chronic pelvic pain during menstruation.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

If a woman has endometriosis, there are several symptoms to look out for:

  • Pain in the hip area
  • Blood in the stool or urine
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Excruciating pain during sex
  • Excessive blood volume during menstruation
  • Diarrhea
  • Bleeding outside the menstrual cycle
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea during menstruation
  • Pain when defecating and urinating

Some of these symptoms can occur in women who have endometriosis. However, the effect of endometriosis on each woman can be different. There are even some cases where the woman does not experience any of the above symptoms. However, there is one thing you need to pay attention to, namely pain during menstruation. If you experience excruciating pain during menstruation, then you should immediately see a doctor for consultation and treatment.

Download our period tracker app for IOS & Android to understand more about your menstrual cycle.

How to Treat Endometriosis?

The way that Nona Woman always recommends is to change your lifestyle to a healthier one so you can balance your hormones.

However, when women have endometriosis, the most common treatment is taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The drug that is often recommended is ibuprofen which can help reduce pain due to endometriosis. In addition to ibuprofen, people with endometriosis can also take drugs that can help control female hormones and can relieve pain from endometriosis.

If the condition is severe enough, then the treatment is surgery. This procedure is performed to remove or fulgurate endometriosis. This surgery is one of the appropriate and effective treatments, especially for women who want to get pregnant. 

Some of the treatment options that you can use are as follows:

  • Pain Medicine 

The first treatment to treat endometriosis is to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Generally, doctors will recommend taking the drug ibuprofen. This is because ibuprofen can help reduce pain due to endometriosis. In addition to ibuprofen, endometriosis sufferers can also take other drugs to help control the body's hormones and can relieve pain caused by endometriosis.

  • Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy is generally recommended for women who experience painful symptoms due to endometriosis but do not experience any other symptoms. Treatment with hormone therapy can help control the level of estrogen in the body, shrink cells that are in places they should not be, and reduce pain.

For this treatment will use the type of hormone therapy Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a). Where Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) functions to trigger conditions such as menopause, progestin pills that stop the ovulation process, and Danazol which increases androgen levels. However, you need to know that this therapy will have side effects. For that you need to take consider these potential side effects seriously before deciding to do hormone therapy.
  • Birth Control Pills

Treatment using birth control pills can help relieve symptoms of menstrual bleeding, both large and irregular. In addition, birth control pills can prevent the condition from getting worse due to bleeding.

However, it should be noted that the use of birth control pills is only for those of you who do not have plans to get pregnant in the near future. In addition, continuous use of birth control pills can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, which is a type of cancer that is particularly susceptible to women with endometriosis.

  • Surgery

If the patient has severe endometriosis, the treatment is surgery. This surgery is performed to remove or fulgurate endometriosis. In addition, surgery is one of the appropriate and effective treatments, especially for women who want to get pregnant.


How to Manage Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disease that attacks the female reproductive area. In fact, endometriosis is a treatable condition if treated properly. To prevent this disease from getting worse, you can do the following things to treat endometriosis.

  • Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle

The main way to treat endometriosis is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. For those of you who are used to consuming fast food and packaged drinks, try to change these habits. You can start consuming nutritious and healthy foods. It may be difficult at first, but if you have the intention and do it consistently, then it will become a habit.

In addition to eating, you also have to exercise regularly. Exercise has many benefits for the health of the body. You can do several sports such as jogging, cycling, swimming, skipping, or cardio and yoga exercises. Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes every day to reduce the risk of developing endometriosis.

  • Avoid Alcohol

As we know that alcohol is one type of drink that is not good for the health of the body. This is because alcohol can trigger increased levels of estrogen in the body. For this reason, the more and often you consume alcohol, the greater your risk of developing endometriosis.
  • Drink Less Caffeine

Currently drinking coffee has become a habit of young people. And as we know that coffee contains caffeine. If you consume caffeine in large quantities, it can also interfere with your health.

Therefore, it is better if you reduce your consumption of caffeine. Drinks that contain a lot of caffeine are not good for uterine health in women. As with alcohol, drinks containing caffeine can also cause estrogen in the body to increase. Instead, you should balance your caffeine consumption with healthy drinks, such as water, juice, etc.

When a person is affected by endometriosis, the thing she needs to do is get proper and fast treatment. If you feel confused or have difficulty, you can visit a doctor or other medical expert for consultation. That way, you will get the appropriate solution and treatment.

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