Before or during menstruation, several signs will appear on a woman's body, such as back pain, stomach pain, mood changes, or the appearance of acne on the face. But, have we ever asked, why do pimples always appear before or during menstruation?
Women generally experience this condition where acne appears before or during menstruation. This condition occurs due to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. Usually the onset of acne is related to irregular menstruation.
The normal menstrual cycle is between 21-35 days. Irregular menstruation itself can be caused by several factors, such as psychological conditions, PCOS, stress, unhealthy lifestyle, drug side effects, and others.
So what is the relationship between acne and the menstrual cycle?Reasons for Acne to Appear During Menstruation
Actually, the appearance of normal acne and acne during menstruation is the same. This condition occurs due to the production of sebum (oil substance in the skin) by the oil glands in the skin. Generally, after the oil glands produce sebum, this sebum will come out by itself through the skin pores; however, sometimes this sebum cannot come out due to clogged pores. These clogged pores can be caused by dead skin cells, hair, or even a mixture of sebum itself.
Acne appears because the blockage has been infected with bacteria and sebum that has accumulated in the follicle. The infection eventually causes inflammation, swelling, redness, and pain. As previously mentioned, the cause of acne appearing before menstruation and during menstruation is the same, but there is some influence from hormones.
During the menstrual cycle, women will experience several hormonal changes in the body, especially in the levels of progesterone and estrogen. Estrogen production will generally increase during the first 14 days. As for progesterone, it increases in the 14 days after that. The amount of both hormones will decrease before the menstrual period.
It is the amount of testosterone in the body that causes acne to appear. This is because testosterone, which increases during menstruation, can increase sebum production. For this reason, the risk of clogged pores due to excess sebum production is higher, causing acne to appear.
In addition, when the amount of progesterone increases, your pores will also shrink. Thus, sebum is more easily trapped in the follicle. This causes more pimples to appear.How to Take Care of Face to Avoid Acne
Acne is one of the most common skin problems for women. If a pimple has appeared, then the level of self-confidence will decrease, especially if the acne appears more and more.
Thus, you can follow some of these tips to treat your skin before your period to keep your skin healthy and acne free:
Diligently Washing Hands
Hands are one of the body parts that store quite a lot of dirt. This is because hands are often used to perform various activities.
Thus, you should not be too lazy to wash your hands, so that your hand hygiene is maintained. Also, try to not touch your face with dirty hands because one of the causes of acne is due to the buildup of dirt on the face.
Do not forget to clean your face before and after activities because washing your face can help remove dirt that sticks to the skin. During activities, a lot of dust and pollution often sticks to the face and causes clogged pores.
Drink Enough Water
Drinking water is one thing that should not be missed. By consuming enough water, the body's daily fluid needs will be met. If the fluid needs of the body are met, then you can avoid some acne problems.
In addition to drinking water, you also need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. For example, eat nutritious foods, exercise regularly, and get enough rest.
By having a healthy lifestyle, you will avoid stress. Stress can also cause acne problems. If stress levels increase, it will trigger glucocorticoids which can damage the structure and function of the skin.
Those are some explanations about the appearance of acne during the menstrual cycle. Do the right treatment when acne appears so that the acne will be resolved quickly. Do not forget to follow a healthy lifestyle to avoid acne problems and get a regular menstrual cycle.