PCOS 101 – Nona Woman
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PCOS 101

Lately, some women have complained about the changes that occur in their bodies. Some of these changes include irregular menstrual cycles, the emergence of a lot of acne, easy weight gain, psychological disorders, and difficulty getting pregnant.

According to Gynecology and Oncology Specialist, Professor Dr. H. Budi Santoso, dr., Sp.OG., (K), the changes experienced by some of these women are part of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

PCOS is a fertility disorder experienced by women. PCOS itself is characterized by menstrual disorders and excessive levels of androgens in the body. People with PCOS have excess androgens that can cause the ovaries to produce fluid-filled sacs. This causes the egg cell to not develop properly. PCOS can make it difficult for sufferers to get pregnant as well as make them prone to high blood pressure and diabetes.

Getting to Know PCOS

PCOS is a condition in which a woman's body experiences a hormonal imbalance. This hormonal imbalance is caused by androgen levels being more dominant than estrogen.

PCOS is a condition that causes sufferers to have many small cysts on the ovaries. The ovaries are one of the most important reproductive organs for women. The ovaries’ main function is as a place to store and produce eggs. Every woman has two ovaries.

PCOS sufferers will experience several symptoms, such as fertility problems, irregular menstrual cycles, unideal weight, and a lot of androgen hormones. In addition, PCOS can also cause serious symptoms, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

Unfortunately, until now, PCOS still cannot be completely cured. Thus, PCOS sufferers still have to undergo several treatments that does not completely cure them.

Symptoms of PCOS

Symptoms of PCOS develop in early puberty, especially when women experience menstruation for the first time. PCOS symptoms first appear in the teens to 20s.

Over time, these PCOS symptoms can develop. An example is when a person experiences drastic weight gain.

Some of the common symptoms of PCOS are as follows:

  1. Irregular Menstrual Cycle
    The main symptom of PCOS is an irregular menstrual cycle. People with PCOS will experience periods that are infrequent, too long, or not at all.

    This can occur due to decreased ovulatory activity that occurs in the reproductive system which causes the uterine wall to not shed. People with PCOS may only experience 8 to 9 menstrual periods in 1 year.

  2. Excessive Hair Growth
    Another symptom of PCOS is the growth of thick hair in several areas of the body, such as the chest, back, and abdomen. Hair growth is caused by increased levels of androgen.

    More than 70% of PCOS sufferers will experience excessive hair growth. Some cases experienced by PCOS sufferers cause facial hair to be thicker and darker.

  3. Acne
    Excessive production of androgen can also cause acne. This is because the production of excessive androgen causes the skin to become oilier than usual. Therefore, acne can appear in several areas, such as the face, chest, and back.

  4. Mood Changes
    PCOS can cause sufferers to produce irregular hormone levels. As a result, moods can be fickle and erratic. If this is allowed to persist, it can cause stress, depression, and other mental disorders.

  5. Skin Color Turns Dark
    Another symptom of PCOS is a darker discoloration of the skin. The skin will change to darker in areas such as the breasts, neck, groin, to the groin.

  6. Fertility Disorder
    This can be quite a serious symptom for women. When the body does not evolve properly, then of course it will cause interference with fertility. This condition can also make the body unable to produce enough eggs to be fertilized.

    If the sufferer finds it difficult to get pregnant, then it could be a sign of PCOS. You should immediately see a gynecologist for consultation and check-up.


Those are some explanations about PCOS. If you feel some of these symptoms, you should immediately see a specialist for consultation and get the right treatment.

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