Do you often experience cramps during menstruation? What about blood clots in your period blood? These questions often arise when our monthly visitor comes, which eventually leads to one big question: what are the signs of a normal period?
Menstruation is one of the mechanisms by which a woman's body regulates her hormones. Therefore, menstruation can be an opening key to find out the picture of a woman's body health. By recognizing the signs of a normal period, women can become more sensitive to their body's health conditions.
However it is important to understand that the signs of normal menstruation can be different for different people. Therefore, the signs of normal menstruation discussed here are not something written in stone, but are rather general descriptions with variations that may occur. There are at least six general signs of normal menstruation that are important for you to know…
Length of Cycle
Sometimes people get confused and do not understand the difference between the length of their cycle and the length of their menstruation. The length of the menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of bleeding from the vagina until the day before the next menstruation.
For example, Asri had her first menstrual bleeding on the 1st and it lasted until the 5th. Then on the 27th, Asri had another menstrual bleeding. Then the length of the cycle is calculated from the 1st to the 26th (26 days).
Normal menstruation is usually characterized by a cycle length of 21-35 days. Ideally, the length of the cycle and the length of the menstrual period are consistently the same in each cycle. Even if there is variation, it is typically only a couple of days. Cycles that last more than 40 days can be an early indication of a hormonal imbalance or PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome).
Length of Menstruation
Meanwhile, the length of menstruation is calculated based on how long blood comes out of the vagina. From the previous example of Asri's case, the 1st to the 5th is the length of menstruation (5 days). The normal length of menstruation ranges from 2-7 days.
Menstrual Blood Color
Normal menstrual color is marked with a red color like a cherry. Dark red to purplish menstrual colors can be a sign of high estrogen levels. While the brown color is old blood that did not come out at the time of the previous menstruation.
Absence of Large Blood Clots
Have you ever seen blood clots during menstruation? Don't worry, blood clots during menstruation are normal as long as they are not large clots and do not occur continuously throughout the menstrual period.
Menstrual Blood Volume
In general, the volume of blood fluid that comes out during menstruation is around 30 to 50 ml, or the equivalent of three tablespoons. One pad or tampon is usually able to accommodate a blood volume of up to one tablespoon. Roughly speaking, a normal period won't make you change period or tampons within just two hours.
No Excessive Pain
Minor menstrual cramps are often accepted as a normal sign of menstruation. But excessive menstrual pain for more than two days can be a sign of hormonal imbalance to endometriosis.
Other Factors Affecting Menstruation:
Several other things that can affect the signs of normal menstruation above include age and use of contraception.
For example, for teens who have just had their period, the cycle length may be up to 45 days and will adjust over time. Similarly, women who will approach menopause. Approaching menopause (perimenopause), the menstrual cycle will usually increase in length, the volume of fluid that comes out increases and the length of time for menstruation will also increase.
The use of contraception can also affect the character of menstruation. Like the use of IUD contraception which will make your menstrual volume more than usual.
What is your period like? Be sure to pay attention to these signs, because as women, menstruation is our fifth vital sign.
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